Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2017, Page: 14-18
Study of Common Requested Radiographs and Relative Exposure Dose in Qassim State
Abdulrahman Abdullah Saad Alsayyari, College of Applied Medical Science-Department of Radiologic Technology- Qassim University, Buraidah, KSA
Mohammed Ahmed Ali Omer, College of Applied Medical Science-Department of Radiologic Technology- Qassim University, Buraidah, KSA; Department of Radiotherapy & Nuclear Medicine, College of Medical Radiologic Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Nasraldeen Alnaeem Mohammed Alkhidir, College of Applied Medical Science-Department of Radiologic Technology- Qassim University, Buraidah, KSA
Abdelmoneim Saeed Ahmed Auod, College of Applied Medical Science-Department of Radiologic Technology- Qassim University, Buraidah, KSA
Received: Feb. 20, 2017;       Accepted: Mar. 1, 2017;       Published: Mar. 18, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmi.20170502.12      View  1543      Downloads  70
Abstract
The objective of the article was to study the common requested radiographs and relative exposure dose in Qassim state in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The method was retrospective and analytical study for collected variables as radiographs, relative entrance surface dose (ESD) and the effective dose, patient age, gender and causative factors. The analysis with excel software revealed that: the common requested radiographs were skull, abdomen and chest with male incidence as 75%, 72.2% and 64% respectively relative to whole sample. Traffic accident (71%) and fall-down (45%) were the most causative factors among male and female respectively, with injuries as skull fissure fracture (77%) and intracranial hemorrhage (23%). The skull radiographs noted among the age group of 11-21 years and peaking at 36% among the age group of 22-32 years. The requested abdominal radiographs appeared among the age group of 13-21 years; with frequency of (19%) and peaking at 30% among the age group of 22-30 years; with injuries as spleen ruptures (42%) and liver (27%). The chest radiographs observed among age group of 3-13 years; with frequency of 4% and peaking among age groups of 14-24 & 25-35 years old with frequencies of 19% and 21% respectively, and injuries as Ribs fracture (55%), ribs dislocation (15%), pierced lung (20%) hemorrhage (10%). The average ESD for abdomen, skull and the chest radiographs were 1.93±0.8, 1.53±0.6 and 0.21±0.2 mGy which were increase linearly following the aging. And the average effective doses were 0.24±0.1, 0.1±0.1 and 0.4±0.2 mSv respectively.
Keywords
Skull, Abdomen, Chest, Exposure, Radiation
To cite this article
Abdulrahman Abdullah Saad Alsayyari, Mohammed Ahmed Ali Omer, Nasraldeen Alnaeem Mohammed Alkhidir, Abdelmoneim Saeed Ahmed Auod, Study of Common Requested Radiographs and Relative Exposure Dose in Qassim State, International Journal of Medical Imaging. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 14-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmi.20170502.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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